You are here: Home / en / Participants' Publications / Mariela BUONOMO ZABALETA


The impact of child labour on schooling outcomes in Nicaragua, Economics of Education Review (2011) Vol. 30 (6) pp. 1527- 1539


Child labour is considered a key obstacle to reaching the international
commitments of Education for All. However, empirical evidence on the effects of child labour on educational attainments is mostly limited to static measurements. This paper assesses the consequences of child labour on schooling outcomes over time by employing a three-year longitudinal household data set from Nicaragua. The potential endogeneity of past child labour and school outcomes is addressed through instrumental variables.


The time a child dedicates to work is found to have harmful consequences on subsequent educational achievements, even after monitoring for previous human capital accumulation and other factors. In particular, working over three hours a day is associated with school failure in the medium term. A distinction by type of work shows that time spent in market production has a greater negative impact on school outcomes than time spent performing household chores.

Mariela Buonomo Zabaleta bio

Mariela has a PhD in Economics and Public Policy. She has worked over ten years in the areas of education economics, education policy evaluation, child labour and youth employment in developing countries. During her career she conducted research and provided technical advice to Latin American countries on basic education policies and youth training programmes, often through work with multi-lateral development banks. She also worked as a researcher with the Education For All Global Monitoring Report at UNESCO, analysing household expenditures on education, the role of poverty and vulnerability in school access and attainments, child labour, and policies adopted to increase school access of disadvantaged children and youth, including skills development programmes for young people and social protection programmes for improving human development. Mariela is currently Youth Employment Specialist at the ILO-Geneva, working on youth employment trends, policies and programmes, child labour-youth employment links, global databases on youth employment interventions, and the monitoring and evaluation of youth employment programmes.




Stay Connected / Restez Connecté / Manténgase En Contacto!

Linkin Twitter

Flickr Slideshare